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Pelicans' feeding frenzy
As once-endangered bird's numbers grow, declining food sources spell 'disaster'

  • Pelicans wait for discarded fish meat at a cleaning kiosk at Westside Park in Bodega Bay, Thursday, July 19, 2012. ((Kent Porter / Press Democrat))

The brown pelicans fighting for scraps around fish-cleaning stations in Bodega Bay are a clear sign of a natural food shortage in the ocean for the growing numbers of the majestic bird.

"There are an unusual number," said Rick Powers, who runs charter fishing trips. "We are seeing stuff we have not seen in years past. They seem aggressive and they are almost starving."

At times at Bodega Bay's Westside Regional Park, pelicans converge in a feeding frenzy when fishermen clean their salmon.

"It is very unusual," said Sonoma County Parks Ranger James MacMillan. "We are doing our part by posting 'do not feed' signs. Unfortunately several have died, and we have had bird rescue out here. We are also trying to keep Dumpsters closed so the pelicans don't get trapped there."

Wildlife scientists say the mortality rate of young pelicans is naturally high as the inexperienced birds compete with each other and with adult pelicans for bait fish in the ocean.

This year, however, the population of brown pelicans is very large while their food, anchovies and sardines, has declined dramatically, said Bill Sydeman of Petaluma, president of the Farallon Institute for Ecological Research.

"It is a recipe for disaster," Sydeman said.

Brown pelicans nest on 10 islands off the coast of Southern California and Mexico beginning in February, then migrate along the coast as far north as the Gulf of Alaska beginning in June.

Ungainly on the ground, they are graceful in the air as they dive from 40 feet into the ocean to scoop up their prey.

"They are big, they are beautiful and they have gorgeous eyes," said Michelle Bellizzi of the International Bird Rescue Center in Fairfield. "They have air sacs in their bodies to cushion the force as they dive. When you hold them they feel like they are made of bubble wrap. They are really super-cool birds."

In the 1960s, only 1,000 nesting pairs were counted, prompting the federal government to put the brown pelican on the endangered species list in 1970.

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