It's fine to talk — eventually — about chronic deficits and mounting debt. But now that our government is up and running again, the nation's first priority should be economic growth.
Sorry if this gives conniptions to all you deficit hawks out there. Actually, I'm not that sorry, because it was the hawks' over-the-top warnings of impending doom that provided intellectual cover for the meat-cleaver budget cuts we're living with today.
Partly because of those “sequestration” cuts — and because the economy is slowly improving — the federal government's annual budget deficit is falling at its fastest rate in decades. For the 2012 fiscal year, the deficit was about $1.1 trillion. For fiscal 2013, the Congressional Budget Office projects a deficit of $642 billion, representing a one-year decline of more than 40 percent.
This is part of a trend. The deficit peaked at $1.4 trillion in 2009 and has been sliding ever since. I don't mean to suggest that we don't have a problem. But it's clear at this point that the extraordinary deficits we saw at the height of the Great Recession were anomalous and that the flow of red ink is returning to normal. The CBO predicts that deficits will continue to fall through 2015.
What happens then? Actually, it's too early to say.
The biggest factor in the size of the deficit — and the cumulative federal debt, now at more than $17 trillion — is rising medical costs. As the huge baby-boom generation reaches retirement age, according to the budget-hawk scenario, the Medicare and Medicaid programs will eventually become so expensive that the government will have nothing left for “discretionary” spending on roads, education, medical research, social welfare, environmental protection and other necessities.
There are signs, however, that this dystopian future may not be written in stone. Ten years ago, health care spending was growing at an alarming 8.8 percent a year — far faster than the economy could possibly keep up. But since 2008, according to an analysis of federal data by the Kaiser Family Foundation, health care spending has grown by an average of just 4.2 percent a year.