The unusual display of reasonable behavior by House Republicans this week should be seen as a retreat — a change in tactics — but not a surrender. Democrats had better note the distinction.
Sooner or later, it had to dawn on the GOP that repeatedly re-enacting Pickett's Charge was not advancing the party's agenda or enhancing its electoral prospects. In martial terms, President Barack Obama and the Democrats held the high ground; they were the ones visibly making an effort to govern, while Republicans did nothing but throw themselves into battles they were sure to lose.
The “fiscal cliff” showdown last December established the template: House Republicans made absolute and unrealistic demands, Obama said no, Democrats maintained their unity — and Republicans eventually caved amid bitter recriminations. This pattern held all year, through the debt-ceiling fight and the government shutdown. In each instance, I believe, Republicans could have won more concessions if they had chosen to negotiate rather than throw a tantrum.
The GOP establishment, or what's left of it, understood what was happening. But far-right pressure groups such as Americans for Prosperity, Heritage Action and the Club for Growth riled up the party's conservative base and infused true believers in Congress with false hope. Not coincidentally, such groups also filled their own coffers with fundraising campaigns based on these quixotic battles.
The far-right money machine never had the power to overcome the simple fact that Democrats controlled the White House and the Senate. But it did have the power to make Republicans fear that casting a vote for compromise would invite a primary challenge from the right.
How did this approach work out? The GOP's approval rating fell to the lowest levels ever seen.
This week, finally, the establishment struck back.
When news came that Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., had negotiated a compromise two-year budget agreement with Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., members of the conservative pressure groups criticized the deal before they even knew what was in it. But the House leadership was defiant, not docile.