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PD Editorial: Will a new Congress be effective?

  • The U.S. Capitol is seen amid reflections from inside the Cannon House Office Building on the last day of the 112th Congress, on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2013. On Thursday, all members of the House of Representatives and one third of the Senate will be sworn in as the 113th Congress begins its work. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

A new Congress convenes today, and this much is certain: It doesn't have a tough act to follow.

Descriptions of the outgoing Congress include disappointing, historically unproductive, even an abject failure. Beset by both partisan divisions and ideological splits within the parties, it produced stalemates more frequently than settlements.

Congress didn't pass a budget for two years, and its squabbling over the debt ceiling in 2011 caused a reduction of the nation's credit rating.

Even the last-minute agreement on the "fiscal cliff" only postponed an inevitable reckoning with budget deficits and public debt. It included a two-month deferral of $24 billion in defense and domestic spending cuts, leaving a final decision for the 113th Congress.

Among the other business left behind was:

&#149 Hurricane aid for New York, New Jersey and other states trying to recover from the Oct. 29 storm that caused billions of dollars in damage to homes, businesses and public infrastructure. A $60 billion relief bill passed the Senate, but the House adjourned without taking action.

&#149 A new farm bill. With dairy prices on the verge of doubling on Jan. 1, Congress hastily passed a one-year extension of the law that authorizes crop insurance, price supports, farm subsidies and food stamps. The Senate passed a five-year extension in September, but again the House failed to act.

There's an opportunity here for the new Congress to revisit aspects of the Senate bill, including a new crop insurance system that's good in theory but threatens to be more costly than the subsidies it would replace. A new bill also should enact a new standard for chicken cages based on an agreement between egg farmers and the Humane Society.

&#149 A fiscal crisis threatening the solvency of the U.S. Postal Service.

Postal officials asked for greater flexibility in setting rates, an end to six-day delivery, closure of some rural post offices and relief from a costly mandate to fund retiree health care in advance, but yet again the House failed to act.

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