Christianity has often been used over the centuries to prop up the powerful. But from the beginning, the Christian message has been subversive of political systems, judgmental toward those at the top and demanding of all who take it seriously.
Pope Francis has surprised the world because he embraces the Christian calling to destabilize and to challenge. As the first leader of the Catholic Church from the Southern Hemisphere, he is especially mindful of the ways in which unregulated capitalism has failed the poor and left them "waiting." His apostolic exhortation, "The Joy of the Gospel," is drawing wide and deserved attention for its denunciation of "trickledown" economics as a system that "expresses a crude and naive trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power." It's a view that "has never been confirmed by the facts" and has created "a globalization of indifference."
Will conservatives among American Catholics who have long championed tax cutting for the wealthy acknowledge the moral conundrum that Francis has put before them? But American liberals and conservatives alike might be discomfited by the pope's criticism of "the individualism of our postmodern and globalized era," since each side defends its own favorite forms of individualism. Francis mourns "a vacuum left by secularist rationalism," not a phrase that will sit well with all on the left.
And in light of the obsessive shopping on Cyber Monday and Black Friday, here is a pope who paints consumerism in the darkest of hues. "We are thrilled if the market offers us something new to purchase," he writes. "In the meantime all those lives stunted for lack of opportunity seem a mere spectacle; they fail to move us." Yet this critic of our age refuses to be gloomy, scolding "querulous and disillusioned pessimists" whom he labels "sourpusses." I like a pope who takes a stand against sourpusses.
Francis makes many liberals swoon without, in a conventional sense, being a liberal. He has also split American conservatives between those trying to hold fast to him and those who know that he is, from their perspective, up to something dangerous.