More than half of Sonoma County's school districts will cut classroom days from the upcoming school year, and still more have dropped staff development days under financial pressure from California's budget crisis.
Twenty-two districts are reducing instructional time, and 12 of them are cutting five days — the maximum allowed.
Since 2000, the mandatory school year has been 180 classroom days. But the state's budget woes have prompted state officials to allow districts to cut up to five instructional days beginning in 2009-2010. Some districts went further, slicing staff development days that teachers had used for preparation, professional development and collaboration.
Teachers are unpaid for those days, saving money for cash-strapped districts.
The Obama administration has pushed for more time in the classroom, not less, and the effect of lopping up to a week from the school year is unknown, analysts said.
"California gets into these situations that have never been done before," said Michael Kirst, emeritus professor of education and business administration at Stanford University.
A 2007 University of Maryland study found third-graders performed nearly 3 percent lower on state math and reading tests when school was canceled five days in a year because of weather prior to spring standardized testing.
The study also found more than half of schools failing to meet federal benchmarks would have met the targets had schools not been shuttered those five days.
Also at play is the message that reducing the school year sends to the public, Kirst said.
"You cut the days, it sends a clear signal to parents and public about the financial distress," he said. "Often other cuts have been disguised."
Scott Mahoney, superintendent of the Waugh District in Petaluma, said teachers agreed to cut one classroom day and two staff development days but refused to place them midweek, where parents' schedules would be even more disrupted.
"Teachers, not just in our district, but around the state, are frustrated," Mahoney said. "Our parents are so supportive, it doesn't make sense to penalize our parents."
The cuts are expected to save Waugh $40,000, Mahoney said.
"Teachers are essentially donating money to school districts when these cuts occur," he said. "Three days of pay hurts. That is a chunk of money."
In Santa Rosa City Schools, which kicks off the school year Aug. 17, cutting three classroom days is expected to save the district $1.3 million.
The three-day reduction represents a 1.5 percent pay cut for teachers, 1.2 percent for classified employees, 1.65 percent for most district directors and principals and 1.8 percent for superintendents.
California, which educates one out of every eight pupils in the country, is putting itself at a disadvantage by shortening its school year, said Emily Cohen, district policy director for the Washington-based National Council on Teacher Quality.
"The difference that California kids are getting, compared with kids in New York, will add up," she said. "Extending the time is one of the things the Obama administration is pushing."
Most states require a minimum of 180 school days a year, according to the U.S. Education Department. Colorado requires the fewest at 160, and Kansas the most at 186.
Beginning in 1983, California districts were given additional funding if they increased the school year from 175 days to 180. In 2000, 180 days became mandatory.
Largest North Coast Wildfires
2017-Tubbs fire- approximately 36,432 acres in Sonoma and Napa Counties. 92% contained as of Oct. 19.
2017-Nuns Fire- approximately 54 thousand acres- 34,398 in Sonoma County and 20,025 in Napa county. 80% contained as of Oct. 19.
2017-Atlas Fire- approximately 51,624 acres in Napa and Sonoma Counties. 85% contained as of Oct. 19.
2017-Redwood Fire- approximately 36,523 acres in Mendocino County. 85% contained as of Oct. 19.
2017-Pocket Fire-approximately 14,225 acres in Sonoma County. 63% contained as of Oct. 19.
2017-Sulphur Fire-approximately 2,207 acres in Lake County. 96% contained as of Oct. 19.
(TOTAL North Bay fires as of Oct. 18.- 195,434 acres)
2015- Valley Fire burnt 76,067 acres in Lake County. A total of 1,955 structures were destroyed.
2012- North Pass Fire- approximately 41,983 acres in Mendocino County.
2004- Rumsey fire- 39,138 acres in Napa and Yolo counties.
1996- Fork fire, the largest fire on record, burned through approximately 83,057 acres in Lake County. Much of the devastation was focused in the Mendocino National Forest.
1981- Atlas Peak Fire- approximately 23 thousand acres in Napa County.
1981- Cow Mountain Fire- approximately 25,534 acres in Lake and Mendocino counties.
1964- Hanly Fire- approximately 52,700 acres in Sonoma and Napa Counties. 84 homes, 24 summer cabins and countless farm buildings destroyed including the historic Tubbs Mansion.
1964- Nunns Canyon- approximately 7,000 acres in Sonoma County.
-Source: CAL Fire