SACRAMENTO — Nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives and physician assistants in California will be allowed to perform a type of early abortion under legislation signed Wednesday by Gov. Jerry Brown, an action that drew condemnation from Catholic bishops and that came as many conservative states are limiting access to abortion services.
The bill by Assemblywoman Toni Atkins, D-San Diego, would let those professionals perform what are known as aspiration abortions during the first trimester. The method involves inserting a tube and using suction to terminate a pregnancy.
Oregon, Montana, Vermont and New Hampshire already allow nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives and physician assistants to perform those abortions. Previous California law allowed those medical professionals to administer medicine to induce an abortion.
Supporters, including Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California, said expanding the ranks of those who can perform early abortions would provide better health care for women.
"Timely access to reproductive health services is critical to women's health," Atkins said in a statement Wednesday. "AB154 will ensure that no woman has to travel excessively long distances or wait for long periods in order to obtain an early abortion."
Brown announced his approval of the bill along with several others related to women's health care. His signature on AB154, which goes into effect Jan. 1, came as other states have been restricting access to abortions.
Republican lawmakers who opposed the legislation argued that allowing non-doctors to perform aspiration abortions would increase risks to patients. They expressed concerns that those medical professional would lack training and assistance from experienced physicians.
"It's truly disheartening and disingenuous that Governor Brown and legislative Democrats created a law to lower the standard of care for the women under the guise of creating 'access,'" Assemblyman Brian Jones, R-Santee, said in a statement Wednesday.
The California Catholic Conference, which represents bishops throughout the state, said the law will create a two-tiered health system, separating those who can afford physicians and hospitals for abortion procedures from those who cannot.
"The often repeated mantra of those supporting (abortion) rights is that abortions ought to be safe, legal and rare," the conference's president, the Rev. Gerald Wilkerson of Los Angeles, said in a statement. "With this change in California's law, abortions are merely legal — no longer safe and ... rare."
He also reiterated the church's opposition to abortion and any laws that seek to expand it.
The bill signed by Brown, a former Jesuit seminary student, requires non-doctors seeking to perform abortions to receive special training and follow standard procedures.
Under a state pilot program created in 2007, 8,000 aspiration abortions already have been provided by non-doctors in California. Data from the University of California, San Francisco program showed doctors and non-doctors performing the procedures with complication rates below 2 percent.
The researchers wrote in a January article in the American Journal of Public Health that the findings support broadening who can perform early aspiration abortions. They added that such a change would likely allow for abortions to be performed sooner, "significantly decreasing the overall risk of complications, which increases with gestational age."