The North Bay is awash in colorful chiles, with dozens of varieties, from tiny pale lemon drops and bright orange habañeros to plump green poblanos and big sweet bells.
And the season has not yet peaked. Among farmers who specialize in fresh chiles, dried chiles or both, September is a waiting game.
Sometime this month, jalapeños and serranos, fairly low on the Scoville scale of heat but high on recognizability, will take on their first blush of red. When all the chiles have a crimson glow, it will be time to pick them for decorative ristras and wreaths, to dry them for sale next year and to smoke and grind them into the chipotle powders, paprikas and other mixtures that spice up our soups, sauces and stews all year.
The season for fresh chiles will continue until October or November, whenever the first frost sets in.
“Sometimes we can anticipate the first frost,” said Zureal Bernier of Bernier Farms in Geyserville, “and then we pick everything we can. Chiles store well at room temperature, and we can extend the season a bit this way.”
Bernier Farms specializes in sweet peppers, chiles with a depth and nuance of flavor but not a lot of heat.
This year, the farm is harvesting Piccante Calabrese, a pretty little heart-shaped chile that has a bit of heat; Corno de Toro Rosso and Carmen, two fairly large tapered sweet chiles; Jimmy Nardello, which is thin, long, fleshy and sweet; Hungarian Cheese and Red Ruffled, types of mild pimentos known as Cinderellas because of their squat pumpkin-like shape, and Lunch Box, a sweet chile perfect in school lunches.
The farm also has Padrons and Shishitos, though they’ve pulled back on quantity since so many farmers now grow them, and Friggatello, an Italian chile similar to the Spanish Padron.
Bernier knows Padrons so well that he can tell just by looking if one has the heat that accounts for the chile’s nickname, “Russian Roulette,” a reference to the one in 10 or so that can surprise your palate.
“Size is a clue,” Bernier says, “but so is a waxy appearance. The waxier the chile, the more heat it will have.”
All Padrons, left to mature, will develop heat.
Until recently, Padrons were little more than a rumor, a tale of delicious tapas in Spain but unavailable here. Then a number of years ago Jill Adams of Crescent Moon Farm in Santa Rosa grew some, though not enough to keep up with demand. The next year, another farmer joined in, and today they are everywhere, in farmers markets, supermarkets and restaurants, where they’re typically seared, sprinkled with coarse salt and served neat or with aioli for dipping. Shishito, a similar chile from Japan, has joined them, and the Friggatello is increasingly available.
On Saturday in Santa Rosa, Libby Batzel of Beet Generation Farm in Sebastopol was a whirlwind of energy as she turned the crank of a basket grill where Padrons, Shishitos, Poblanos and other chiles tumble as their skins blackened. Customers nibbled them as they shopped and took them home to enjoy raw or use in other dishes.
On The Chili Trail
Many local farmers grow one or more types of sweet or hot chilies. Here is a round-up of some of the county's major producers, with a wide array of varieties and chilies processed in myriad ways.
Beet Generation Farm, Sebastopol
Fresh sweet peppers and hot chilies; grilled peppers; chipotle powders and paprikas.
Santa Rosa Original Certified Farmers Market, Wednesday and Saturday
Bernier Farms, Healdsburg & Geyserville
Fresh sweet peppers and chilies.
Healdsburg Farmers Market, Wednesday and Saturday; Santa Rosa Original Certified Farmers Market, Saturday; Cloverdale Farmers Market, Tuesday.
Farm stand, 3192 Alexander Valley Rd., Healdsburg, Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Min-Hee Hill Gardens, Sebastopol
Fresh sweet peppers and hot chilies; wide variety of dried and ground chilies.
Santa Rosa Original Certified Farmers Market, Wednesday and Saturday; Windsor Farmers Market, Sunday.
Hector's Honey Farm, Santa Rosa
Fresh sweet peppers and hot chilies; dried chilies.
Multiple markets year round.
Ortiz Farms, Santa Rosa
Fresh sweet peppers and hot chilies; chili ristras and wreaths.
Multiple markets year round.
Soda Rock Farms, Healdsburg
Fresh hot and sweet peppers.
Healdsburg Farmers Market, Wednesday and Saturday; Santa Rosa Community Farmers Market, Wednesday and Saturday; Petaluma Farmers Market, Saturday; Windsor Farmers Market, Sunday.
Tierra Vegetables Farm Stand
651 Airport Blvd., Santa Rosa
Fresh sweet peppers and hot chilies; dried chilies; smoked chilies, hot sauces, chili jams.
Farm stand hours: Tuesday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Triple T Ranch and Farm, Santa Rosa
Fresh sweet peppers and very hot chilies; hot sauces.
Santa Rosa Community Farmers Market, Wednesday and Saturday; Marin Civic Center Farmers Market, San Rafael, Thursday and Sunday; Sebastopol Farmers Market, Sunday.