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North Coast awash in colorful chiles

  • Seared and peeled New Mexico chiles, three on left, and a Poblano chili. (CHRISTOPHER CHUNG/ PD)

The North Bay is awash in colorful chiles, with dozens of varieties, from tiny pale lemon drops and bright orange habañeros to plump green poblanos and big sweet bells.

And the season has not yet peaked. Among farmers who specialize in fresh chiles, dried chiles or both, September is a waiting game.

Sometime this month, jalapeños and serranos, fairly low on the Scoville scale of heat but high on recognizability, will take on their first blush of red. When all the chiles have a crimson glow, it will be time to pick them for decorative ristras and wreaths, to dry them for sale next year and to smoke and grind them into the chipotle powders, paprikas and other mixtures that spice up our soups, sauces and stews all year.

The season for fresh chiles will continue until October or November, whenever the first frost sets in.

“Sometimes we can anticipate the first frost,” said Zureal Bernier of Bernier Farms in Geyserville, “and then we pick everything we can. Chiles store well at room temperature, and we can extend the season a bit this way.”

Bernier Farms specializes in sweet peppers, chiles with a depth and nuance of flavor but not a lot of heat.

This year, the farm is harvesting Piccante Calabrese, a pretty little heart-shaped chile that has a bit of heat; Corno de Toro Rosso and Carmen, two fairly large tapered sweet chiles; Jimmy Nardello, which is thin, long, fleshy and sweet; Hungarian Cheese and Red Ruffled, types of mild pimentos known as Cinderellas because of their squat pumpkin-like shape, and Lunch Box, a sweet chile perfect in school lunches.

The farm also has Padrons and Shishitos, though they’ve pulled back on quantity since so many farmers now grow them, and Friggatello, an Italian chile similar to the Spanish Padron.

Bernier knows Padrons so well that he can tell just by looking if one has the heat that accounts for the chile’s nickname, “Russian Roulette,” a reference to the one in 10 or so that can surprise your palate.

“Size is a clue,” Bernier says, “but so is a waxy appearance. The waxier the chile, the more heat it will have.”


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