Rising rates of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia are becoming a public health crisis that needs immediate attention and much more community and government planning, local health and social service officials warn.
More than 5 million Americans age 65 and older are living with Alzheimer’s, according to a new report by the Alzheimer’s Association, a Chicago nonprofit agency that supports research into the disease. That number is expected to triple to 13.8 million by 2050, its researchers projected.
In Sonoma County, more than one in 10 Sonoma residents over the age of 65 — or about 9,000 people — have Alzheimer’s or some other form of dementia, and their numbers are expected to grow rapidly over the next three decades as the baby-boom generation ages, the group projected.
“We have no strategic plan to address aging in the next few years, in spite of the wave of baby boomers becoming seniors,” Sonoma County Supervisor Shirlee Zane said.
The cost of caring for Americans with Alzheimer’s is expected to reach $236 billion this year and top $1.1 trillion by mid-century, according to the Alzheimer’s Association.
Most of the financial burden falls on the families and loved ones of those with dementia. Medicare, the primary health insurance program for Americans over the age of 65, covers only a portion of medication and limited home care after someone has been discharged from the hospital. Medicare also only pays for limited institutional rehabilitation, about 30 days, said Diane Kaljian, director of the adult and aging services division of the county Human Services Department.
“Most people with dementia are going to live 10 or 15 years, so they’re going to need a lot more financial support than Medicare alone,” Kaljian said.
The cost of caring for someone with Alzheimer’s can take a major financial and emotional toll on families, the association’s study found.
Nearly half cut back on their own expenses to pay for dementia-related care for a family member or friend. More than quarter ate less to save money for care, while one-fifth cut back on doctor’s visits. Half tapped into their savings or retirement funds and 11 percent reduced spending on their children’s education to help pay for the costs related to dementia. Thirteen percent sold personal belongings, such as a car, to help cover the costs of care.
More than a third of Alzheimer’s caregivers reduced their hours at work or quit their jobs to care for their loved one, the study found.
Many are under the false assumption that Medicare will pay for long-term care at a skilled nursing home or residential care home.
“If you have a dementia diagnosis, they will pay nothing,” said Helen Medsger, a Santa Rosa caregiver. “You are deemed, at that point, custodial care because this can go on for years and years. There’s nothing medically they can do to improve you, so Medicare does not pay.”
Medsger cares for her sister Maureen Shaw, who retired as executive director of Catholic Charities in 2007 after heading the nonprofit for 21 years. Shaw founded the organization’s Alzheimer’s Respite Program, which helps provide relief to local caregivers. It was her diagnosis with Lewy Body dementia, which has the same pathology as Parkinson’s disease, that precipitated her retirement.