WILLITS — On the outskirts of this town that bills itself as the “Gateway to the Redwoods,” a $300 million bypass first proposed by road engineers 60 years ago to relieve Highway 101 traffic is now complete except for some finishing touches.
The nearly 6-mile bypass skirts Willits to the east, and beginning Nov. 3 it will divert highway travelers around this city of roughly 5,000 situated in the heart of Mendocino County and along the main north-south route for commercial and vacation traffic.
For some, the long-awaited project is cause for celebration, enabling Willits’ transformation into a more pedestrian-friendly community, without the constant stream of big-rig trucks and vehicles clogging Main Street. For others, that change is cause for trepidation, perhaps depriving the community of some of the steady business from motorists that supports its economy.
One thing is clear. After decades on the drawing board, years spent on planning and almost four years of construction, the controversial bypass will debut next month outside a North Coast town bent on embracing its future while still holding its breath.
“It’s here. It’s happening,” said Willits Mayor Bruce Burton.
Decades of delay
Views from the two-lane bypass, which is raised in sections, offer sweeping views of Little Lake Valley, taking in pastures, wetlands and mountains. The bucolic scenery belies the debate, protests, lawsuits, construction snafus and budget issues that contributed to decades of delay for the highway project.
It remains a divisive topic for many Willits residents, and Caltrans’ proposal to one day expand the bypass by two lanes could revive the protests and court challenges that stalled work three years ago.
Opponents focused on its size, route and encroachment into wetlands and proximity to Native American cultural sites. Caltrans is spending $80 million to offset the loss of wetlands, with plans to create new habitat and rehabilitate streams, transportation officials said.
When work on the bypass began, it was expected to cost $210 million.
Caltrans also was delayed by failures to meet environmental regulators’ deadlines and the collapse of framework for a 150-foot section of the viaduct during construction, which seriously injured three workers in January last year. State officials levied a total of $165,000 in fines against Caltrans and two construction companies for the collapse.
“We are very pleased that this project, conceived over 60 years ago and delayed many times, is finally becoming a reality,” Caltrans spokesman Phil Frisbie said. “The completion ceremony will be a tribute to the many hundreds of Caltrans employees, as well as local leaders and members of the public, who have dedicated time over the years to support, develop, and complete this project.”
As the bypass nears completion, the main concern voiced by residents here is about the potential loss of business when traffic is shunted around the economically stressed city, where the estimated median household income in 2014 was $34,186, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
Its economy used to be dependent on logging and farming. Its largest employers now include the hospital, school district and manufacturing businesses. Retail and service-based business, much of it dependent on tourism, also are important and are the most likely to be affected by the bypass.
“It’s a mixed bag,” said Tom Mann, owner of the Brickhouse Coffee cafe at Main and Commercial streets, of the bypass opening. He said about a third of his business is from travelers passing through town. The bypass might lead to a drop in business, or it might not, Mann said.