72 hate groups operated in California last year. Here's where and what they are
In California last year, 72 hate groups and 51 extreme anti-government groups operated in the state, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center, which compiles lists of such groups annually.
SPLC tracked 838 hate groups and 566 anti-government groups across the U.S. in 2020.
What does it mean to be an extremist group?
Hate groups are collectives that denigrate other groups of people for personal characteristics they cannot change such as race, religion, ethnicity, gender identity or sexual orientation, according to SPLC.
For example, the Ku Klux Klan, originally formed in the wake of the Civil War and then revived in the early 20th century, is the most notorious hate group in the United States. It is known for extreme acts of violence against Black people and is recognizable from its white robes, hoods and cross burning.
Hate groups include organizations who have not conducted any criminal activity or other illegal actions based on their beliefs.
Awareness around the prevalence of extreme anti-government groups grew in the U.S. in 2020 and 2021 when such groups stormed the Michigan Capitol Building on April 30, 2020, and the U.S. Capitol Building on Jan. 6. These groups, often militias or paramilitary outfits, express antipathy toward the government or toward the concept of government in general. Many members of these groups buy into conspiracy theories that falsely postulate that the government has been taken over and therefore not legitimate.
Many of these groups hold overlapping ideologies and extremist groups take many forms. Here's a breakdown of each type and where they operated in California last year:
SPLC defines general hate groups as those that "peddle a combination of well-known hate and conspiracy theories, in addition to unique bigotries that are not easily categorized," according to the organization's website.
— True Nation Israelite Congregation: Los Angeles
— Tony Alamo Christian Ministries: Canyon Country
— Sicarii 1715: San Diego, Long Beach, San Francisco
— Proud Boys: Sacramento, Anaheim, Modesto
— Official Street Preachers: Los Angeles
— Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge: Los Angeles, Oakland
— Israel United In Christ: Los Angeles, Sacramento, Bakersfield
— House of Israel: Inglewood
— Great Millstone: Los Angeles
— European-American Evangelistic Crusades: Sheridan
— Chick Publications: Ontario
— Black Riders Liberation Party: Los Angeles
— The Realist Report: Long Beach
— Nation of Islam: Compton, Oakland, San Diego, Los Angeles
— Institute for Historical Review: Newport Beach
— Committee for Open Debate on the Holocaust: Mill Valley
White nationalist groups base their viewpoints around the false, unfounded idea that nonwhite people are inferior to white people.
— The Base: Statewide
— Rise Above Movement: Huntington Beach
— Right Brand Clothing: Anaheim
— Patriot Front: Statewide
— Our Fight Clothing: Statewide
— Occidental Observer: Laguna Hills
— National Reformation Party: Statewide
— Koschertified?: Statewide
— International Conservative Community: Statewide
— Counter-Currents Publishing: San Francisco
— American Identity Movement: Sacramento
— American Freedom Party: Los Angeles
Radical Traditional Catholicism
Groups that believe in Radical Traditional Catholicism are antisemitic and generally adhere to extremely conservative beliefs around the social roles of women. These groups arose in opposition to the Second Vatican Council, which modernized the teachings of the Catholic Church in the 1960s.
— Tradition in Action: Los Angeles
Skinhead groups are a type of white supremacist group similar to neo-Nazis. Adherents typically wear shaved heads, black boots and tattoos like swastikas or other symbols of hate. These groups are still active today but largely peaked in the 1980s.
— Western Hammerskins: Statewide
— Nationalist Women's Front: Statewide
— Golden State Skinheads: This group has two chapters, one for Northern and one for Southern California
— American Front: Statewide
Neo-Völkisch groups glorify a vision of Viking Era living that centers around ethnocentrism, hypermasculinity and a rejection of modernism. This ideology has roots in a similar movement that arose in what is now Germany and Austria in the 19th and 20th centuries.
— Viking Brotherhood: Statewide
— Ásatrú Folk Assembly: Statewide
Neo-Nazis profess a hatred primarily for Jewish people, but also for nonwhites and LGBTQ people. Neo-Nazis idolize Adolf Hitler.
— White Aryan Resistance: San Jacinto
— Atomwaffen Division: Statwide