Egyptians overcame low expectations to free the giant ship stuck in the canal, boosting national pride
CAIRO - Of the many obstacles Egyptian salvage crews faced in freeing the giant ship blocking the Suez Canal last week, there was this invisible one: A low expectation of Egypt's ability to fix its own problems - a perception shared by many of their own countrymen.
"Our main challenge was the one against ourselves because we wanted to make Egyptians happy," said Magdy Gamal, 30, a tugboat captain. "There was a lot of talk about foreign assistance and about bringing an entire foreign crew to manage the process. We wanted to prove that Egypt could achieve this."
And prove they did.
For the past week, Egyptians have been celebrating the dislodging of the Ever Given and saving global trade with a rare outpouring of pride on social media and in conversations across the capital. Government media have praised President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi for refloating the massive cargo carrier with some Egyptians noting similarities to the way President Gamal Abdel Nasser was celebrated when he nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956.
True, many Egyptians felt a collective sense of pride during last weekend's Pharaohs' Golden Parade, a magnificent transfer of 22 mummies along Cairo's streets to a new museum that was streamed globally. And they feel the same whenever they watch Egyptian soccer star Mohamed Salah play.
But there have been few instances in recent memory where Egypt's actions helped stave off a global economic crisis and billions of dollars in losses.
And this was particularly sweet because so many doubted that Egypt could free the ship quickly.
Egyptians and foreigners dismissed the Suez Canal workers abilities. Experts predicted the dislodging would take weeks, shattering the global economy. There were reports of a U.S. Naval team coming to the rescue as well as other foreign actors taking over the salvage operations.
Memes poking fun of the efforts spread across Egypt and the world, "even by some of our friends," recalled Eslam Negm, 32, a crew member on one of the tugboats.
"So much of Egypt's potential is so regularly repressed that when Egyptians get to see it on display it's a really exciting moment," said Timothy Kaldas, a policy fellow at the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy. "Unfortunately, decades of narratives of underestimating Egyptians have convinced a lot of Egyptians themselves that there might be something wrong with the people."
It's not uncommon to hear Egyptian elites denigrate the nation's working class as lazy, inefficient, uncommitted, even dishonest. In Cairo's affluent enclaves, many prefer hiring Asian or African migrant workers for housekeeping and other menial jobs, seeing them as more efficient.
The "bigotry of low expectations" has a long past, said Kaldas, especially when it comes to the Suez Canal. After Nasser nationalized the vital waterway, both the British and French expected Egypt to fail in operating it and request their help. But much to their surprise the Egyptians had learned how to run the canal and shipping continued unhindered.
Nowadays, there is an "inherent Western, or almost white supremacy, that assumes that it is foreigners who have to solve problems in Egypt or are the ones capable, efficient and functional," said Kaldas. "Unfortunately, this idea has a really long and dark history that dates back to the early post-colonial period in Egypt."
Successive Egyptian governments have perpetuated such low expectations of Egyptians, said analysts. A corrosive cocktail of poor governance, corruption, authoritarianism and bureaucracy has deterred innovation. Egyptian firms, many with links to the regime, are often poorly managed and nepotistic, diminishing experience and talent.
As a result, millions of highly-trained Egyptians have left to find opportunities abroad. And they have succeeded to such an extent that remittances last year were $29.6 billion, more than five times the Suez Canal's $5.61 billion in revenue and more than double tourism revenue in 2019, according to Kaldas.
"So many Egyptians who leave Egypt excel: winning [Nobel] prizes, presidents of universities, and so on . . . but their home country stifled their talent and ingenuity," tweeted Bessma Momani, a professor at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, last week.
The highly experienced Egyptian salvage crews did not expect the flood of doubts and second guessing that grew with each day the Ever Given remained wedged in the canal. Many of the workers had grown up on the Suez Canal, with fathers and grandfathers working the vital waterway.
Adding to the pressure was the Sissi government, which depicted the struggle to free the ship in nationalist terms, describing it as a patriotic duty.