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London Bridge attacker had previous terrorism conviction, police say

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LONDON — The knife-wielding assailant who fatally stabbed a man and a woman in an attack near London Bridge was a convicted Islamist terrorist, recently released from prison after serving just half his 16-year sentence for an earlier plot to bomb the London Stock Exchange, police said Saturday.

The attacker, identified by authorities as Usman Khan, 28, was shot dead by police after stabbing at least five people Friday, two fatally.

Khan, a burly man with a thick black beard, was tackled to the ground on the bridge by members of the public, who were hailed by Queen Elizabeth II in a statement Saturday as “brave individuals who put their own lives at risk to selflessly help and protect others.”

Khan was wearing what turned out to be a fake “suicide vest” and was first subdued by men armed with a fire extinguisher and a narwhal tusk, taken off the wall of the Fishmongers’ Hall beside the bridge, where the attack began. One of the men hailed as a hero was an immigrant from Poland who worked as a chef.

The attack has left British authorities facing uncomfortable questions over early-release provisions for inmates jailed for terrorism-related crimes, and the efficacy of monitoring and “deradicalization” programs after they are free.

Those questions loom, too, as Britain and other European countries struggle over what to do with British born fighters and their families returning home after their years with the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.

Born and raised in Britain, Khan was released from prison 11 months ago and living in Stafford, about a two-hour train journey northwest of London.

One of the conditions of his release on parole in December 2018 was the requirement that he wear an electronic tracking device on his ankle, which Khan had on at the time of his attack.

In 2012, then-22-year-old Khan was sentenced to 16 years and jailed, along with eight others, for plotting to attack London landmarks, including the stock exchange, and pubs in his hometown of Stoke-on-Trent.

Before his arrest in 2010, Khan was a member of a cell inspired by the al-Qaeda terror organization. The group was trying to assemble materials and knowledge to make pipe bombs and other explosive devices, according to accounts of his earlier conviction. The men were also fundraising to construct a religious school in Pakistan that would have been used instead to train terrorists.

The plotters were arrested before they could carry out any attacks, as they were being monitored and surveilled by the British domestic law enforcement and intelligence service, MI5.

Khan’s lawyer, Vajahat Sharif, told the Guardian, that his former client “appeared to be rehabilitated and was a model prisoner.”

Sharif worried that Khan had been approached after his release from prison by Islamist plotters and re-radicalized.

“I’ve no idea what happened after his release, that is what is shocking,” Sharif told the Guardian. “Maybe he was not ideologically robust enough to resist the radicalizing groomers - I thought he was a reformed character.”

Sharif described Khan’s parents as “thoroughly decent, hard-working people, first-generation migrants from Pakistan.”

ITV news published a letter written by Khan in October 2012 asking to be placed a deradicalization program. “I don’t carry the views I had before my arrest and also I can prove that at the time I was immature, and now I am much more mature and want to live my life as a good Muslim and also a good citizen of Britain,” he wrote.

Police said the incident started at Fishmongers’ Hall, which stands beside the entrance to the London Bridge in the City of London.

Basu said Khan was attending a London event hosted by “Learning Together” - a Cambridge University-backed program that works to reeducate and socialize prisoners - when he launched the attack.

Metropolitan Police Commissioner Cressida Dick said that police were working “full tilt to understand exactly what has happened and whether anyone else was involved.”

Asked if Khan’s early release and subsequent attack represented a failure of the system, Brandon Lewis, Britain’s security minister, said he couldn’t comment on the Khan case, but told the BBC that going forward it would be right to “look again at the sentences, as I say, around these kind of violent crimes.”

Amateur video of Friday’s London attack, showed at least three people wrestling with the assailant before police arrived, one wielding the tusk of a narwhal, a white Arctic sea mammal with a single horn. Another person with a fire extinguisher, and one seemingly armed with nothing but quick reflexes, helped bring Khan to the ground.

According to the Times of London, the man wielding the whale tusk was a chef from Poland, who works at Fishmongers’ Hall.

London Mayor Sadiq Khan, no relation to the attacker, hailed the heroism of the public. Khan said Saturday he was proud of the “ordinary people who acted in extraordinary ways,” describing them as the “best of us, and the best of humanity.”

The mayor said the attack was “not sophisticated.” He noted that people would not have known at the time that the device worn by the attacker was fake. “Another example of the bravery and heroism of ordinary Londoners,” he said.

The bridge across the River Thames in central London is a major artery - and was the scene in June 2017 of a terrorist attack in which assailants identified as sympathizers of the Islamic State rammed pedestrians with a van, then sought out victims to stab. In that attack, the three assailants also wore fake explosive vests and were fatally shot after killing eight people.

President Donald Trump, who is headed to London on Monday for a meeting of NATO leaders, said, “The United States strongly condemns all horrific acts of violence on innocent people, and we pledge our full support to our ally, the United Kingdom.”

Britain is in the midst of a general election, and voters go to the polls in two weeks. It’s unclear whether or how the latest attack might affect the race. Both Johnson and his main challenger, Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn, have mostly avoided politicizing the attack.

During the last general election in 2017, the campaign was interrupted by two terrorist attacks, which both of the main political parties attempted to capitalize on. Labour attacked the Conservatives for cutting police numbers, and the Conservatives attacked Labour leadership for what they said were sympathies for anti-Western militants.

On June 3, 2017, he was walking along London Bridge when a white van smashed into railings on the bridge. “I was walking back home on my own, and I walked up and that’s when the van smashed into the railings and it was all chaos,” he said in an interview. He said that “the feeling” in the air today was “very much the same.”

“We were always told that these things happen once, they don’t happen again. I feel like, of all the incidents that have happened in the world, this is the only place that’s happened twice.”

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