In Sonoma County parks and other places where people enjoy getting close to nature, a tiny part of nature is ready to bite.
It’s tick season, which runs year-round in the region’s woods and fields, but peaks in the spring, or whenever spring-like weather arrives. And last month’s warm spell, prompting flowers and trees to blossom and grapevines to bud, kicked it off, officials said.
“It’s early spring,” said Karen Holbrook, deputy health officer, with spring officially two weeks away.
“I really do want people to be aware of the risk and to take precautions,” she said, noting that ticks carrying Lyme disease live in the area. The best approach, if bitten, is to immediately and safely remove the tick, save it for identification and to consult a health care provider, Holbrook said.
But the greatest risk is from ticks so small their bite may go unnoticed.
Western black-legged ticks in their immature stage, known as nymphs, measure one-twentieth of an inch, about the size of a poppy seed. They can bite a person, transmit the bacteria that causes Lyme disease and drop off without the human knowing anything happened.
Sometimes, a distinctive bulls-eye rash is the first evidence of an infected tick bite, or it’s the onset of the flu-like symptoms of Lyme disease: chills and fever, headache, fatigue and muscle pain.
Patients treated with appropriate antibiotics in the early stages of Lyme disease usually recover rapidly and completely, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Long-term symptoms of Lyme disease include arthritis, pain, heart irregularities and brain and spinal cord inflammation.
Sonoma County is ground zero for Lyme disease in California, with 41 confirmed cases — more than any other county — from 2010 to 2014.
Mendocino and Humboldt counties have fewer cases, but join Sonoma on the list of nine counties with the highest rate of cases per 100,000 people.
Put in perspective, California’s overall Lyme disease infection rate of 0.2 cases per 100,000 is minuscule compared with rates of 50 to 70 cases in New England. There were 410 Lyme disease cases in California between 2010 and 2014, less than one-half percent of the 121,501 reported cases nationwide, according to the CDC.
Since many cases go unreported, the CDC cites studies estimating that about 300,000 people contract Lyme disease each year.
Sonoma County’s average of eight cases a year is “a definite concern,” but a lesser threat than conditions such as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, Holbrook said.
At Annadel State Park, the Santa Rosa recreational mecca that attracts about 150,000 hikers, runners, mountain bikers and horseback riders a year, people and black-legged ticks, commonly called deer ticks, are on a collision course.
“Those little guys wreak havoc,” Annadel Park Ranger Bob Birkland said. Bitten by ticks more times than he can remember in a 39-year career in state and county parks, Birkland said he’s more concerned about the small arachnids than rattlesnakes.
“There are a lot more ticks,” he said.
He cringes at the sight of park visitors, under the false impression that ticks only come out in the summer, lying down in the fresh spring grass. It’s a terribly bad idea, Birkland said. At the very least, people should lie on a blanket and shake it when they get up
Tick Bite Prevention
To prevent tick bites, the Sonoma County Department of Health Services recommends:
Walk in the center of trails.
Use repellents that contain 20 to 30 percent DEET on exposed skin and clothing for protection that lasts up to several hours. Treat clothing and gear (boots, socks, pants, tents, etc.) with products containing 0.5 percent permethrin.
Bathe or shower as soon as possible after coming indoors, preferably within two hours.
Conduct a full-body tick check; parents should check children under arms, in and around ears, inside belly button, behind knees, between legs, around waist, especially in hair.
Examine gear and pets, which can bring home ticks that will then attach to a person.
Tumble clothes in a dryer on high heat for up to an hour to kill remaining ticks.
For more info, go to www.cdc.gov/lyme