Berger: What's behind ‘natural wine'?

No consumer would ignore a natural product for an unnatural one, and that distinction is at the heart of a huge wine controversy that, chances are, you haven't heard about.

Wine is basic: Grapes are crushed, fermented, aged, and packaged so we can consume the result with a meal. The rest is marketing.

Ah, but the bizarre under-culture of wine is filled with strange movements, ideas, philosophies, strategies and pressures that prematurely turn winemakers' hair gray and cause wineries to do all sorts of strange things to stay ahead of the curve.

And among the most mystical is the phrase 'natural wine.'

Essentially, it refers to wine that was made without anything being added to the grapes, and nothing being taken away. Its proponents aim for purity in wine. Alas, that occasionally puts them about 180 degrees away from the people who are trying to make wines of great quality and fret not about naturalness.

The most pernicious aspects of the 'natural wine movement,' as it often calls itself, is that it strongly implies that any wine not considered 'natural' is unnatural. And that can't be good, can it?

One of the problems here is that there are various proponents of naturalness in wine-making. And each of them has a different point of view on what natural is. Some say sulfites may not be used in a natural wine. Others say sulfites are OK, but not certain fining agents that remove negative elements such as bitterness.

Since many of the natural wine people do not agree on how to define the term, one wonders how the U.S. government views the use of that term on wine bottles. The answer is that the government doesn't know how to define the term, either. So it has punted, leaving the term open to use sans regulation.

Just as the Tax and Trade Bureau, which regulates wine, has no rigid rules for the use of the term, so have food authorities ignored a rigid definition of the same word for its use on foods.

And all of us see the term as implying goodness.

Yet without wine's most common 'additives' (most of which are removed completely before the wine is bottled), many wines would turn out to be wretched.

As a result, you will not see the term 'natural' on most truly high-end wine in this world. Upscale wine buyers do not worry about such silliness. All they want is a great tasting wine, and they care almost not at all about how the stuff got that way.

So why is there such a brouhaha in the sub-culture about the use of the term?

Wine blogger and public relations specialist Tom Wark has weighed in on this tempest often and, perhaps cynically, sees the absurdity in much of it.

'To what degree will this philosophy [of natural wine] catch on with the majority of wine drinkers, no one can say,' said Wark. 'But using the term 'natural' implies that wines that are not 'natural' are unhealthful.

'And when you see the list of federally approved additives to wine, the implication is that their use is being done routinely and widely. 'Natural' is such a powerful term, but more than anything else, I see it as a marketing term.'

Isabelle Legeron of France is one of those who supports the idea of natural wine, and who has a book on the subject coming out soon. It is called simply 'Natural Wine' and, says Wark, may well become the bible of the natural wine movement. Her website is

In Australia about a year ago, a friend and wine columnist took us to a wine bar/restaurant that offered many natural Italian wines. We tried every wine in the house. After paying the bill (some $325 for two persons, which included some mediocre food), my friend asked what I thought of the wine.

'Awful,' I said. It was the biggest rip-off of my life and proof that 'natural' wine is a guarantee that quality is not the main focus of the wine makers. Production technique is.

And I don't see much chance of the two coinciding in my lifetime.

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