Hold onto your wallet. Legal sports betting likely is still years off in Sonoma County.
Almost immediately after the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the federal ban on sports betting last month, big green dollar signs began floating through the dreams of gamblers, some sports franchise owners, government agencies and new potential sports bookies.
Delaware and New Jersey were the first to get in on the action, becoming the first states other than Nevada to take single-game sports bets.
Four other states that already had sports betting legislation in place — Mississippi, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and New York — are working out rules to get sports gambling operations up and running as early as July, in time for college football in August or the NFL season in September.
Sports betting legislation has been introduced in 15 other states, with the goal of operating within two years, according to Casino Connection AC, a gaming news website.
In California, it may take longer.
State Assemblyman Adam Gray, a Democrat from Merced, introduced a bill last month that would amend the California Constitution to allow legal bets on baseball, football, basketball and other sporting events.
But for decades, state and federal laws have given Indian tribes the exclusive right to operate slot machines, blackjack and other casino-style games on federally protected land. Tribes have argued that sports betting rights are included in their compacts with the state.
It initially appeared Gray’s bill would move through the Legislature this summer in time to put a proposal before voters on the November ballot. That now appears unlikely, said state Sen. Bill Dodd, a Napa Democrat who chairs the Senate Governmental Organization committee, which oversees gambling issues.
The bill remains in committee and would have several hurdles to clear before coming to the Legislature for a hearing. Then, both houses of the Legislature would have to pass the bill with a two-thirds majority, the governor would have to sign it and voters would have to approve it in a statewide vote.
The June 2020 ballot is a more likely landing spot for any referendum, Dodd said. Such legislation could capture a slice of the $150 billion bet illegally in the United States on sporting events and generate funds for state programs, he said.
“It’s happening. Bringing it out of the shadows could be way to reduce corruption, address problem gambling and provide a revenue stream,” said Dodd, who would like state revenue to go toward early childhood education programs.
Role of tribe-owned casinos
With dozens of Indian-owned casinos in California generating gambling revenues of nearly $8 billion annually, tribes are major players in what may become a long, drawn-out negotiation into who can accept sports wagers and who gets a share of the profits.
Sonoma County has four legal options for gambling: two tribal casinos, River Rock and Graton; the Parkwest cardroom in Petaluma; and horse racing at the Sonoma County Fairgrounds. Those outlets could be the first to offer sports bets because they already have the infrastructure for wagering in place.
The American Gaming Association estimates the illegal betting industry at $150 billion per year through bets with bookies and offshore accounts, as well as through informal office pools like those for the men’s NCAA basketball tournament.