LOS ANGELES — A federal jury in Los Angeles awarded John Steinbeck's stepdaughter more than $13 million in a lawsuit claiming the author's son and daughter-in-law impeded film adaptations of his classic works.
Jurors on Tuesday found in favor of Waverly Scott Kaffaga, who had alleged that long-running litigation over Steinbeck's estate prevented her from making the most of his copyrights at a time when marquee names such as director Steven Spielberg and actress Jennifer Lawrence were interested in bringing the novelist's masterpieces back to the screen. She claimed remakes of "The Grapes of Wrath" and "East of Eden" fell apart over the years.
Kaffaga, daughter of the late author's third wife, Elaine, sued the estate of stepbrother Thomas Steinbeck, who died last year, his widow, Gail, and their company.
After the verdict, Kaffaga issued a statement in her capacity as executor for the estate of Elaine Steinbeck.
"We are pleased with the jury's verdict that recognizes the Estate's full control of the rights to John Steinbeck's works," she said. "The outcome upholds the Estate's mission of sharing his legacy with the world. We are thankful to the members of the jury for their time and service."
Defense attorney Matthew Berger did not immediately respond Wednesday to messages seeking comment on the jury decision.
The lawsuit followed a decades-long dispute between Thomas Steinbeck and Kaffaga's mother over control of the author's works.
Thomas Steinbeck has lost most rounds in court, including a lawsuit he and the daughter of his late brother, John Steinbeck IV, brought that spurred Kaffaga to countersue in the current case.
A judge had already ruled the couple breached a contract with Kaffaga. It was up to the Los Angeles jurors to decide if Thomas and Gail Steinbeck interfered with deals and should pay up.
The jury decided Tuesday in favor of Kaffaga on the remaining issue and awarded her $5.25 million in compensatory damages — plus $7.9 million in punitive damages.
Gail Steinbeck's lawyer said she never intentionally interfered in deals she and her husband would have benefited from and that would have served their interest promoting the Nobel Prize winner's legacy.
An attorney for Kaffaga said Gail Steinbeck caught wind of projects and then threatened movie makers that she and her husband had legal rights to the work and also cut secret side deals without notifying Kaffaga.
In one instance, Thomas Steinbeck secretly signed a $650,000 deal with DreamWorks to be an executive producer on a film remake of "The Grapes of Wrath," the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel starring Henry Fonda on the silver screen that won two Oscars.
Producers and directors later dropped the remakes because they feared litigation by the Steinbecks, Kaffaga's attorney Susan Kohlmann said in her opening statement.
Kohlmann put Gail Steinbeck on the witness stand early in the case and displayed emails that she wrote suggesting that a reported remake of "East of Eden" starring Lawrence would be "litigation city."
Another email Gail Steinbeck wrote after her husband lost a related court case in New York suggested litigation wouldn't end until "I draw my last breath."
Steinbeck laughed off that comment in testimony, saying, "Oh, that was silly."
Berger, the lead defense attorney, noted that Kaffaga was never adopted by John Steinbeck and was not one of his heirs. He said Thomas Steinbeck was a co-owner of his father's copyright and received royalties.