When John Schaeffer planted his first time capsule on the empty grounds of what would become The Real Goods Solar Living Center in Hopland, technology was on the cusp of an explosion.
It was 1994, and cellphones and the internet were only beginning to trickle into the hands of ordinary people. PG&E had installed the first grid-supported photovoltaic system only a few years earlier in Kernan, a small town in Fresno County. Home solar energy systems were still so rare they were an object of huge curiosity.
Schaeffer, a pioneer in the solar movement, had purchased the desolate, 12-acre piece of property — a dumping ground for Caltrans highway rubble right along Highway 101 — for only $120,000 in 1993. At the time it had only one tree, but he had dreams of transforming the wasteland into a lush oasis showcasing the possibilities for solar and all manner of sustainable living practices, with living structures, waterways, ponds, gardens and an emporium of products for people wanting to live off the grid or just green up their lives.
“We set out to make it into an environmental paradise to show people what could be done with a brown field and an abandoned site,” Schaeffer said.
A lot has happened since then. He poured his heart and $3 million into making the land a showcase of sustainable living, and this weekend he invites the public to see what he has accomplished.
Schaeffer first came to Mendocino County in the early 1970s as a new graduate of UC Berkeley to live on a back-to-the-land commune. He became increasingly intrigued by solar, powering a tiny black and white TV with solar so he could watch “Saturday Night Live” in the off-the-grid commune.
Two decades ago, he pulled together a progressive design team that included the visionary architect Sim Van der Ryn, a former state architect and early proponent of “ecologically integrated living design,” and David Arkin, who later became a leading designer of green homes. They were joined by Chris and Stephanie Tebbutt of Anderson Valley, who designed the landscape based on principles of permaculture and Biodynamics.
The 5,000-square-foot building that houses the Real Goods store was made of straw bales, an increasingly common green building material that, while ancient in origins, was still at the far edges of modern construction in the mid-1990s.
More than 12,000 people attended the grand opening of The Solar Living Center in 1996.
Saturday and Sunday, Schaeffer will celebrate the center’s 20th anniversary with two days of workshops, talks, panel discussions, demonstrations and live entertainment. That old time capsule will be opened, and at noon Sunday people are invited to bring small objects representative of life in 2017, to be included in a new time capsule that will be buried on site and uncovered in 2035.
For Schaeffer, it also marks the progress of green technology as many of the edgy ideas of two decades ago slide become mainstream.
Certainly, solar energy has made giant strides in the nearly 40 years he has been promoting and selling it.
“When we sold the very first photovoltaic panel in the country in 1978 (from the first Real Goods store in Willits), it was $100 a watt. Now it is less than $1 a watt. The price has come down 99 percent,” he said. At that time no homes were powered by solar. Now, more than 1 million homes across the country are equipped with solar.