There’s a classic brawl raging in the California Legislature between a bankrolling private interest and several toothless local governments over wireless expansion.
It’s a fight being waged essentially under the radar. This subject isn’t sexy like a gas-tax increase, universal health care or a so-called “sanctuary state” for immigrants here illegally. So it hasn’t gotten much public attention.
That’s when special interests tend to win.
This battle involves the big telecommunications companies — AT&T, Verizon and the like — trying to push aside local governments and start installing the next generation of wireless infrastructure without pesky interference from city hall or the courthouse.
The telecom corporations want to streamline permitting and reduce costs for slapping their transmitters — ranging in size from a pizza box to a small refrigerator — on municipal utility poles, street lights and traffic signals wherever they want.
The industry anticipates installing 30,000 to 50,000 of these “small cells” in the next few years as it rolls out the next generation of wireless networks, 5G. It will be faster and have more capacity than what we’ve got today.
But today, local governments control where the equipment is placed, usually on tall cell towers, which won’t be needed for the new stuff.
Under the contested bill, SB 649 by Sen. Ben Hueso, D-San Diego, local governments wouldn’t have the power to deny permits if the telecoms followed the minimum guidelines set by Sacramento.
Also, local governments have been tapping telecom outfits for $3,000 or more annually for each transmitter. Sometimes they’ve been hitting up the firms for a little extra kickback, such as connecting the local library to wireless. None of that would be allowed under SB 649. And the maximum per year lease on a small cell would be $250.
Local governments are aghast.
“They’d get to deploy their equipment on their own terms wherever they wanted to deploy it,” says Rony Berdugo, a lobbyist for the League of California Cities. “It would force counties and cities to lease their public property for wireless equipment. And it would eliminate negotiated leases.
“We now have discretion,” Berdugo continues. “We can say, ‘We don’t want it on this pole; put it on another pole. Make your equipment the same color as the pole.’ They could put up something the size of a refrigerator on a street light by your front yard. We don’t want refrigerators on poles outside people’s windows.”
Local citizens wouldn’t have a meaningful say. There’d be no public input. It would be strictly Sacramento’s call.
The telecom companies, however, are concerned that the current permitting process would bog down expansion of broadband capacity as demand explodes. Already, they say, there are more wireless devices in California than people.
In many communities, they contend, the regulations and lease fees for wireless infrastructure are ancient, created when 200-foot towers were the norm. Some towns refuse to allow small cells on utility poles and other structures, they argue. The bureaucratic process is too lengthy, they add, and the current fees are “extreme.”
The telecom giants already have thrown up the white flag in the face of one group that tends to be wealthy and politically connected: beach dwellers. Coastal zones — narrow strips along the waterfront — are exempt from the bill, as are historic districts.