Cal Fire eyes close of 2019 wildfire season, upgrades to air fleet
A succession of winter storms and December’s arrival are allowing much of California’s wildland firefighting apparatus to ramp down, including Cal Fire air attack bases, where work is already underway to upgrade the state’s aerial firefighting fleet for next year.
The air base next to Charles M. Schulz-Sonoma County Airport - one of 13 across the state - was fully staffed early this week as one of three still open to cover all of Northern California in case of a wildland fire.
But active operations were largely at a standstill, a sharp contrast from a month ago, when the Kincade fire in Sonoma County was churning through rural acreage outside Windsor and Healdsburg, on its way to becoming the largest California wildfire of the year, at ?77,758 acres. It destroyed 374 structures, including 174 homes.
On Monday, crew members sat around a coffee table inside a break room at the Sonoma base, some scanning their cellphones as they awaited their next assignment. After lunch, they were scheduled to test repairs on the landing gear of two small 1960s-era air tankers housed at the base for fire retardant drops.
“This might be our last hurrah for a little bit,” said Cal Fire Capt. Nick Welch, who leads the local base. “It’s winding down, but you never know what Mother Nature has in store.”
Despite the massive blow delivered by the Kincade fire, California faced one of its lightest fire seasons in nearly a decade, according to Cal Fire statistics. Including federal lands, 252,700 acres burned this year, compared to 1.6 million acres in 2018, and about 670,000 acres in 2017 - a year that included the devastating North ?Bay fires.
Aside from the Kincade fire, only 2,400 acres burned in 2019 across Sonoma, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Napa and Solano counties.
“It has been one of the slower fire seasons in many, many years,” said Amy Head, a Cal Fire spokeswoman. “The Kincade fire is what bumped us way up. If we had not had that fire, it might have been one of slowest fire seasons in a long time.”
The dry October and November that preceded this week have kept several air attack bases open but Cal Fire officials could put a wrap on the 2019 season by Christmas, depending on shifting and unpredictable weather patterns. The base in Santa Rosa is set to close for the season on Dec. 8.
So while crews are on duty, there’s work to be done.
Out on the tarmac at the Sonoma County Airport, contracted Cal Fire pilots fired up the thundering engines on the pair of dual-?propeller S-2T tankers and taxied out to the runway for simulated takeoffs. There, they mashed the throttle to the speed at liftoff before letting off the gas and returning to base for the mechanic’s once-over of the retooled landing gear.
“Still attached?” Welch said, joking with longtime pilot Bill Buckley, who had stepped out of the cockpit and returned to the ground.
“Yep, still attached, but shaking. It’s just an old airplane,” Buckley said of the tanker, its production date worn off from age. “It needs constant work. You’ve got to look at them all the time.”
But some newer aircraft are joining the fleet.
Cal Fire has secured the first of seven donated C-130 air tankers, which offer more firefighting capacity against the kind of wind-driven fires that have menaced the state in recent years. The four-engine Lockheed Martin aircrafts pack a heavier punch than the agency’s current fleet, with payloads nearly four times that of the S-2Ts.
The 150,000-pound C-130s, passed down from the Coast Guard, still require conversions to add their 4,000-gallon retardant tanks and new paint jobs signifying Cal Fire ownership.
The agency expects the first of the larger tankers to be ready for action in 2021 and the last by 2024. In the meantime it plans to lease one, as it did this year, for the next fire season, said Cal Fire spokesman Scott McLean.
The smaller, more maneuverable planes won’t be retired yet, and are still plenty useful. They will remain stationed across the agency’s air bases, along with scout planes to help guide retardant drops, for initial attacks, boosting Cal Fire’s total aircraft to 60 - the largest for any fire agency in the nation, and likely the world, McLean said.
“It’s definitely complementing our fleet,” he said. “There is a purpose for every aircraft. The fire will dictate to us what the need will be. It all depends on the incident.”
While the air tankers are hand-me-downs, Cal Fire is also buying 12 new Blackhawk helicopters - dubbed “Firehawks” - to replace its dozen Huey helicopters that also date back to the 1960s and use long-lined buckets to make water drops on fires. The new Sikorsky-built choppers, which cost $25 million apiece - an expenditure covered through previously earmarked state funds - will be outfitted with snorkels to slurp up supplies from nearby water bodies. They will also be equipped for the first time with special instruments to assist with night missions, when most firefighting aircraft are grounded.
“What we have now is outstanding,” said Welch. “But to enhance our fleet and our abilities with larger aircraft and new technologies is tremendous.”
You can reach Staff Writer Kevin Fixler at 707-521-5336 or firstname.lastname@example.org. On Twitter @kfixler.